With recent news about increasing mortgage rates and loan level pricing adjustments (LLPAs), it’s essential for homebuyers to understand the changes and how they might affect their mortgage. In this blog post, we’ll break down the details and provide insight into these changes, helping you make informed decisions when seeking a mortgage.

Understanding LLPAs

Loan level pricing adjustments are risk-based pricing methods used by lenders and institutions like Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac to mitigate risk on higher-risk loans. Factors that contribute to LLPAs include credit score, loan-to-value ratio, property type, and occupancy. The recent controversy stems from the fact that people with higher credit scores and bigger down payments may end up paying more for their mortgages compared to those with lower credit scores and smaller down payments.

LLPA Comparison and Changes

The new LLPAs introduced in February 2023 and effective May 1st, 2023, have led to some adjustments getting better and others worse. For example, borrowers with a 720 to 759 credit score who put down 20% are hit the hardest with a 75 basis point adjustment. On the other hand, borrowers with a 640 to 659 credit score putting down 5% or 3% benefit from improved pricing.

The media may not emphasize that all credit score brackets experience a reduction in higher loan-to-value (LTV) ratios, which means lower down payment loans may be more attractive than previously.

Don’t Let the Headlines Mislead You

It’s crucial not to let sensational headlines impact your mortgage decisions. The pricing adjustments have already been in place since February, and nothing will change overnight on May 1st. The date is mainly significant for lenders, as it marks when Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac will begin receiving deliveries of loans closed under the new guidelines.

All Circumstances Are Not Equal

It’s essential to note that a borrower with a 640 credit score may still face challenges getting approved for a conventional loan. FHA, VA, and USDA loans are not affected by these LLPAs and may offer alternatives for those who might struggle with conventional loan approvals.


As a homebuyer, it’s essential to work with a lender who can help you navigate the mortgage process and find the best and most affordable option for your situation. Don’t get overwhelmed with the details; focus on choosing a lender who offers competitive rates and fees. Remember that each loan is unique, and the adjustments may not impact you as severely as the headlines may suggest. Stay informed and work with a trusted professional to make the best decisions for your mortgage needs.

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